5G the fifth-generation technology is the next evolution of the wireless networks. Roughly every decade a replacement set of standards for wireless communication is released by subsequent Generation Mobile Networks Alliance.
Don Rosenberg, Executive vice chairman of Qualcomm, a US-based semi-conductor and telecommunications equipment company, stated recently at the planet Economic Forum’s annual meeting in January 2018, that “believing 5G will change the planet even more profoundly than 3G and 4G; that it’ll be as revolutionary as electricity or the car , benefitting entire economies and full societies.”
So, what are the differences between latest brand 5G technology and the 4G technology that still exist currently at the moment? The most differences are what you’d expect:
- Superior speed (10 to 100 times faster rates of knowledge transfer) and
- Better responsiveness (the time between clicking a link and therefore the page actually loading.
- 5G would ideally diminish this waiting period to around a millisecond).
5G’s other point is its ability to support more connections, bringing other objects beyond phones and computers into the fold of wireless technology. this is often called the ‘Internet of Things’ or ‘IoT ‘for brief, during which everything from vehicles to thermostats to household appliances are going to be ready to communicate with each other.
Gartner’s research into ‘driverless cars’ – or autonomous vehicles (AVs) shows there are still many risk factors that require to be clarified before we blindly let the computers take hold of vehicles on our roads, home items, medical implants and every one of the opposite applications where 5G might be used.
Gartner says 5G to pave way for safe Autonomous Vehicle Connectivity: –
5G networks could also be the maximum amount as 10 times more efficient than 4G networks. With this new level of network capability, communications service providers (CSPs) can secure future market opportunities with manufacturers of AVs within the fields of driver safety and processing and management, consistent with Gartner, Inc.
AV systems and sensors will generate unprecedented amounts of knowledge. This in turn would support automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to extract valuable data insights while curbin the associated provisioning costs.
Jonathan Davenport, senior research analyst at Gartner stated that “All CSPs have a chance to become strategic partners for OEMs by applying 5G capabilities to deal with AV OEM data growth. To seize the initiative, CSPs got to confirm 5G is included within the design of future vehicles, and as well as within the fields of safety and connectivity, where the most important initiatives lies.”
By 2025, AVs will be in streamline for uploading over 1 terabyte (TB) of Auto and Sensor data per month to the cloud. This is often up from 30 gigabytes (GB) from advanced connected cars in 2018.
Mr. Davenport further adds to the point that “5G also will provide passengers AVs with high-quality infotainment services. “As a result, 5G networks make CSPs a crucial partner for enhanced vehicle systems, be it for safety, data analytics or entertainment.”
Remote Controlled devices fitment advances Safety: –
Further opportunities for 5G technology to expand and enhance AV safety systems exist. This is often nurtured by regulators’ examination of the security performance of AVs.
Recent incidents (crashes killing pedestrians) involving AVs have sparked negative press and underscored the importance of public safety in self-driving cars. These events have also highlighted the challenges facing the industry to develop more powerful autonomous driving systems which will guarantee a security performance above that of human drivers and thereby avoid accidental deaths.
Mr. Davenport explained further that “AVs periodically face a group of conditions they can’t immediately navigate, which ends up within the need for a vehicle-human handover. This handover deactivates the autonomous mode and hands over control to an individual driver — but such a handover isn’t always possible and is not always convenient. One potential solution for these scenarios where a handover to the human driver fails is to utilize remote pilots. Human pilots are often the recipient of a planned remote handover or help recover an AV that has become stuck.”
The safe execution of human-led remote of AVs would require the reliability and low latency that 5G networks could provide. Once initiated, the technology would allow human technicians in remote facilities to assess live video feeds and vehicle diagnostics from the AV, and take over driving control virtually.
As the regulatory environment for AVs continues to evolve, regulators will likely begin to need remote capabilities from AV OEMs or operators to enhance safe operation on public roads. California-based start-up, Phantom Auto, is developing remote solutions for AVs using cellular connectivity. Similarly, Swedish truck and bus OEM, Scania, has conducted tests with Ericsson for 5G remote capabilities for its public buses.
CSPs Must Act Instantly: –
5G isn’t a technology which will be fully deployed instantly, and Gartner expects that it’ll generate only limited benefits for AVs within the next five years.
“By design, AVs cannot believe mobile networks like 5G for core functionality, but must utilise multiple technologies to satisfy performance and safety design objectives,” added Mr. Davenport. “Nevertheless, 5G networks will play an important role in handling the huge amounts of knowledge generated by AVs and their users for all types of purposes, including safety, connectivity and entertainment.”
CSPs must act now to secure future market opportunities by ensuring that 5G is a component of the AV design process. OEMs will need comprehensive end-to-end data solutions to streamline their management of knowledge connectivity, storage and analytics.
“In addition to offering solutions, CSPs need to build support for his or her 5G technologies and establish them because the de facto communication standard. this is able to be best achieved by supporting standards committees and dealing with local governments to facilitate the event of advanced use cases, like metropolitan traffic management,” concluded Mr. Davenport.
In a report published by Science Direct, towards 5G communication systems: Are there any serious health implications?
The report covers the very fact that RF-EMF promote oxidative stress, a condition involved in cancer onset, in several acute and chronic diseases and in vascular homeostasis. Although some evidences are still controversial, the WHO IARC classified RF-EMF as “possible carcinogenic to humans”, and newer studies suggested reproductive, metabolic and neurologic effects of RF-EMF, which also are ready to alter bacterial antibiotic resistance.
In this evolving scenario, although the biological effects of 5G communication systems are very scarcely investigated, a world action plan for the event of 5G networks has started, with a forthcoming increment in devices and density of small cells, and with the longer-term use of millimeter waves (MMW).
Preliminary observations showed that MMW increase skin temperature, alter organic phenomenon, promote cellular proliferation and synthesis of proteins linked with oxidative stress, inflammatory and metabolic processes, could generate ocular damages, affect neuro-muscular dynamics.