May 26, 2024

Green Maritime: The Path to Sustainable Logistics

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Green Maritime: The Path to Sustainable Logistics
Green Maritime: The Path to Sustainable Logistics

Introduction

In recent years, huge emphasis is being put on sustainability across various sectors. Businesses across the globe are actively looking for ways to lessen their carbon footprint and embrace eco-friendly practices. Today, there is an immense focus on the sustainable logistics, specifically, the maritime industry, which is vital for international trade and a vital connection across the continents. The concept of ‘Green Maritime’ is gaining momentum giving rise to the advancement of sustainability in logistics. In this blog, we will delve into the significance of Green Maritime, examining the various strategies and initiatives that are driving positive change in the maritime sector.

Green Maritime

Understanding Green Maritime

The term ‘Green Maritime’ or ‘Green Shipping’(sustainable logistics) encompasses a variety of methodologies used to lessen the environmental impact caused by the maritime industry. It entails using green technologies, implementing sustainable practices, and adhering to stringent legal requirements. The primary goal is to reduce the emission of GHG, energy conservation, ecological stewardship, and the preservation of maritime biodiversity.

While he International Maritime Organization has set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008 levels,  the EU is keen on transforming the marine industry to achieve its aim of becoming the first carbon-neutral continent by the year 2050.

The demand for green shipping has emerged due to the growing international shipping fleet, which is significantly contributing to marine pollution. While shipping is generally considered to be environment-friendly compared to air or road transportation, the high sulphur content in fuel poses a serious concern. Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) is used as a benchmark to gauge the emissions in transport.

However, it is crucial to adopt green shipping practices as marine diesel fuel leads to increased sulphur dioxide emissions. Additionally, shipping produces CO2 and other harmful emissions resulting from oil waste, wastewater, chlorofluorocarbons, and nitrogen oxides. Shipping is responsible for approximately three percent of all man-made CO2 emissions, 15 percent of nitrogen oxides, and 13 percent of sulphur dioxide across the globe.

Importance of Green Maritime
Importance of Green Maritime

Importance of Green Maritime

Adopting safer practices is urgently required to minimise detrimental effects on the environment. With the help of the following essential concepts, we can comprehend the need for sustainable practices in the shipping sector:

Abating of Climate Change: The Maritime sector is one of the major contributors for GHGs due to the burning of fossil fuels. The sector can mitigate climate risk by opting for cleaner fuels, increasing vessel efficiency and lowering emissions from ship exhausts.

Conservation of environment: Adopting sustainability will help reduce the destruction of marine ecosystems and protect the habitat by minimising the release of pollutants, ballast water discharge and curbing oil spills.

Cost-efficiency: The cost for implementing sustainable practices initially is expensive, but at the later stages it will ultimately lead to cost savings. Fuel efficiency improvements, better maintenance procedures, and optimised operations can lower operating expenses and boost profitability.

Various initiatives and innovations in the shipping sector

The maritime sector is adopting various methods to bring revolutionary disruptions on the sustainability front and promote sustainable logistics. Some of the changes include-

Alternate Fuels: Shifting towards renewable energy sources and use of cleaner fuels like liquefied natural gas (LNG), biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells is being preferred.

Energy-efficient designs: Naval architects across the world are constructing vessels with enhanced hull designs, energy management systems along with cutting-edge propulsion technologies. This not only minimises environmental impact but also helps in fuel efficiency.

Development in Port infrastructure: Ports are being constructed with shore power facilities, waste management systems and the integration of renewable energy resources which aligns with sustainable practices.

Regulatory Compliance: International organisations such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have established strict environmental rules and requirements to guarantee adherence and promote the use of Green Maritime practices.

Sustainability in logistics
Sustainability in logistics

Shipping Companies Embracing Green Maritime

In order to adhere to stringent regulations regarding fuel emissions and adopting greener methods, various shipping companies have put forth novel engineering solutions and environment-friendly technologies. Thanks to the advances in technology, these shipping businesses have invented an array of innovative designs complying with sustainable approach. Some of the leading companies are listed below:

CompaniesShips/Shipping ConceptsFeatures
WalleniusOrcelleThree propelling systems, electrical systems, wind and wave power and fuel panels incorporating hydrogen
NYKSuper Eco Ship ConceptUse of LNG cells and solar energy to traverse on the water.
GL Shipping CompanyZEROLiquid hydrogen & hydrogen-powered fuel panels would be used extensively to power the ship.
B9 CargoB9 Cargo shipsOperated fuel and energy derived from winds
MitsubishiEmerald AceIncorporation of solar fuel panels along with lithium-ionised batteries
ScandlinesFutureship Zero-Emission Ferry ConceptUse of photovoltaic systems, fuel cells and Flettner rotors
Maritime

Conclusion

The concept of Green Maritime is crucial in addressing the environmental impact of the maritime industry. With businesses recognizing the significance of sustainability, the adoption of green technologies and practices has become vital in reducing carbon emissions. Through initiatives and legal requirements, the sector is making positive strides towards a greener future. The progress made in implementing sustainable logistics strategies is not only beneficial for the environment but also for the global economy. By embracing Green Maritime, we can ensure a more sustainable and efficient maritime industry.

blog by Tamanna Shaikh

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