July 18, 2024

Arab League’s Maiden Nuclear Power Plant provides a nod to the UAE for commencing operations

  • Arab league provides UAE nod to commence operation on its maiden Nuclear Power Plant “The Barakah Nuclear Power Plant.”
  • This extensive two-fold collaboration between external bodies inclusive of the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the South Korean government took twelve long years to make it.
  • With the commencement of the plant, the UAE will be the latest member joining the elite club of the current 30 Nations driving in the Nuclear Power operations.
  • Officials state that it will account for 25% of the Nation’s energy needs backed with the power of four reactors which is the prime motive of the maiden program.

UAE is all set to get the nod of the maiden Nuclear Power Plant as Arab League is all set to join an elite club of 30 strong nations driving the Nuclear Power Operations as it will receive an operating license for Unit 1 of the country’s Barakah Nuclear Power Plant.

As stated by the national officials as the best strategic and economic vital component for the UAE, and the program is in more than a decade in making. It also includes the two-fold collaboration with UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the South Korean government.

Hamad al Kaabi, the UAE’s permanent representative to the IAEA, stated media at briefing in Dubai, “the latest announcement provides more milestone for UAE providing efforts of twelve years towards the event of the UAE energy Programme to that the Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR) for proving and showing its big role to focus and turn vision into a reality.”

“The Nuclear energy program includes the laws and regulations that conforming the standards of the IAEA and international best practices,” stated Al Kaabi, serving as FANR’s deputy chairman.

Once operation of the plant begins — the precise date of that has not yet been declared, however, it is expected within the next few weeks — the UAE can become the most recent member of an exclusive club presently having thirty countries running atomic power operations. It’s conjointly the primary new country to launch an atomic power plant in the previous three decades, the last being China in the 1990’s.

FANR, the country’s regulator, granted the license when years of intensive reviews and inspections, its officers stated. This enclosed over 185 inspections, reviewing in excess of 14,000 pages of the plant’s operational license application, and requesting more than 2,000 further items of knowledge regarding reactor style, safety, geographic and alternative areas to confirm the plant’s compliance with restrictive needs.

The operational license is predicted to last 60 years, and permits the UAE’s Nawah Energy Company, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Company’s (ENEC) subsidiary operational the plant, to begin loading fuel and eventually come in partial and full operation of the primary unit, al Kaabi told CNBC in an interview. The partial operation might take some weeks whereas full operation could take a few months, he said.

25% of the UAE’s electricity to travel nuclear

Barakah’s Unit one reactor, situated within the Eastern Gharbiya region of Abu Dhabi on the gulf coast, is predicted to provide 1,400 megawatts (MW) of electricity. The program aims for a complete of 4 reactors, along with manufacturing 5,600 MW of power, that officers say will quantity to 25% of the nation’s energy wants and can forestall the discharge of twenty-one million tons of carbon emissions each year.

The project’s finance — as a part of a venture agreement with ENEC and therefore the Korean Electric power Corporation (KEPCO) — accounts for $24.4 billion.

There is no estimated date for the completion of all four reactors, however, Al Kaabi stated that the extra 3 reactors are in the “advanced levels of construction.” Unit 2 is prepared to be evaluated by FANR for readiness, he said, a method which will begin at the Nawah Energy Company’s discretion.

A territory outlier and a ‘gold standard’ agreement

The UAE already partakes in what the general Nuclear energy consultants decide on the “gold standard” of civilian nuclear partnerships: The U.S.-UAE 123 Agreement for Peaceful Civilian energy Cooperation that was signed in 2009 and consistent to Section 123 of the U.S. Nuclear energy Act of 1954, the agreement permits the UAE to receive nuclear materials, instrumentation and power from the U.S. whereas precluding it from developing dual-use technology by omitting the Uranium enrichment and fuel reprocessing, the processes needed for building a bomb.

The action for the UAE is especially vital given tensions within the wider region over nuclear proliferation. Persia has suspended its compliance to the quadripartite 2015 deal that regulated its atomic power development and plenty of concern its approach toward bomb-making capability, whereas Asian country has voiced it’s wanted to develop an energy program while not having to stick to a 123 agreement.

An Illustration for the region?

For the UAE, Al Kaabi stated, that its program is proof that it is a peaceful and clear program that is possible once cooperating with international bodies.

“The UAE, after we started the program, we tend to be very clear that we are developing a program that’s peaceful, that’s driven by the necessity for extra electricity, and at an equivalent time we tend to outline a brand new approach to developing such a program responsibly,” he said.

“It’s a model atomic power program, an awfully systematic approach,” he added. “So, in an exceedingly way it provides tons of states within the region how to develop such accountable programs to learn from Nuclear Energy while not raising considerations concerning alternative problems associated with atomic power like non-proliferation then on.”

“This may be a program that has been tired cooperation and with the full support of the international community, it’s resulted in receiving the foremost advanced technology, receiving the simplest practices and coaching, and it’s been these days tested made in achieving its goals through this approach. Thus, we tend to are demonstrating that there are a right thanks to developing an atomic power program.”



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